Our Articles of Association





1.         DEFINED TERMS


1.1         The regulations contained in the Model Articles for Private Companies Limited by Guarantee set out in Schedule 2 of The Companies (Model Articles) Regulations 2008 (SI 3229/2008), shall not apply to the Club.


1.2         In these Articles, unless the context requires otherwise:

Act        means the Companies Act 2006;

AGM     means an annual general meeting of the Club;

Articles     means these articles of association, and Article refers to a particular provision in them;

Associate Member     means a member of the Club who is not a Club Member, and who therefore neither has voting rights at general meetings nor any other rights to which members of companies are entitled under the Articles or the Companies Acts, and Associate Membership shall be interpreted accordingly;

Boating     means sporting, recreational and other activities carried out in water-borne craft of any description powered by the wind or by mechanical means;

Bylaws     means bylaws of the Club from time to time proposed by the directors and approved by the Members in accordance with Article 13.4.2;

Club      means the company regulated by these Articles;

Club Member     means every person who agreed to become a company member of the Club and whose name is entered in the Club’s register of members, in accordance with section 112 of the Act, and Club Membership shall be interpreted accordingly;

Companies Acts     means the Companies Acts (as defined in section 2 of the Act), in so far as they apply to the Club;

director     means a director of the Club, and includes any person occupying the position of director, by whatever name called;

electronic form     has the meaning given in section 1168 of the Act;

Member     means all members of the Club, whether Club Members or Associate Members, and Membership shall be interpreted accordingly;

Officers     has the meaning given in Article 6.1;

ordinary resolution     means a resolution passed by a simple majority of the Club Members;

Secretary     means the company secretary of the Club, if appointed;

special resolution     means a resolution of the Club Members passed by a majority of not less than 75%; and

writing     means the representation or reproduction of words, symbols or other information in a visible form by any method or combination of methods, whether sent or supplied in electronic form or otherwise.

1.3         In these Articles, unless the context otherwise requires:



1.3.1         other words or expressions contained in these Articles bear the same meaning as in the Act as in force on the date when these Articles become binding on the Club;


1.3.2         words in the singular shall include the plural and in the plural shall include the singular; and


1.3.3         a reference to one gender shall include a reference to the other genders.


1.4          Headings in these Articles are used for convenience only and shall not affect the construction or interpretation of these Articles.


1.5         Unless expressly provided otherwise, a reference to a statute, statutory provision or subordinate legislation is a reference to it as it is in force from time to time, taking account of any subordinate legislation from time to time made under it, and any amendment or re-enactment and includes any statute, statutory provision or subordinate legislation which it amends or re-enacts.


1.6         A person includes a natural person, corporate or unincorporated body (whether or not having separate legal personality) and that person’s personal representatives, successors and permitted assigns.


1.7         Any phrase introduced by the terms including, include, in particular or any similar expression shall be construed as illustrative and shall not limit the sense of the words preceding those terms.




2.1         The liability of each Club Member is limited to £1, being the amount that each Club Member undertakes to contribute to the assets of the Club in the event of its being wound up while they are a Club Member or within one year after they cease to be a Club Member, for:


2.1.1      payment of the Club’s debts and liabilities contracted before they cease to be a Club Member;


2.1.2      payment of the costs, charges and expenses of winding up; and


2.1.3      adjustment of the rights of the contributories among themselves.





3          OBJECTS


3.1         The Club is established for the following equal purposes:


3.1.1      to acquire and take over all or any part of the assets and agreed liabilities of the present unincorporated body known as Sundowners Yacht Club;


3.1.2      to promote sailing safely through education and example;


3.1.3      to provide opportunities for members to sail both in the UK and Worldwide;


3.1.4      to promote the enjoyment of affordable yacht cruising.;


3.1.5      to encourage members to develop their personal and group skills through RYA and other sailing qualifications, experience, coaching and tuition; and


3.1.6      to promote and facilitate healthy recreation by the provision of facilities for the sport of Boating; and


3.1.7      to provide social and other facilities for Members as may from time to time be determined by the directors.


4          POWERS


4.1         In pursuance of the object set out in Article 3.1, the Club has the power to:


4.1.1      establish, maintain and conduct a Boating  club;


4.1.2      promote and hold, either alone or jointly with any other association, club or persons, meetings, competitions and regattas for the purpose of competitive and recreational Boating and to offer, give, or contribute towards prizes, medals, and awards;


4.1.3      provide advice or information;


4.1.4      co-operate with other bodies;


4.1.5      accept gifts and raise funds;


4.1.6      borrow money;


4.1.7      give security for loans or other obligations;


4.1.8      acquire or hire property of any kind;


4.1.9      let or dispose of property of any kind;


4.1.10    set aside funds for special purposes or as reserves against future expenditure;


4.1.11    deposit or invest its funds in any manner;


4.1.12    delegate the management of investments to a financial expert;


4.1.13    insure the property of the Club against any foreseeable risk and take out other insurance policies to protect the Club when required;


4.1.14    employ paid or unpaid agents, staff or advisers;


4.1.15    enter into contracts to provide services to or on behalf of other bodies;


4.1.16    establish or acquire subsidiary companies; and


4.1.17    do anything else within the law which promotes or helps to promote the objects set out in Article 3.1.




5          DIRECTORS


5.1         The directors are responsible for the management of the Club’s business, for which purpose they may exercise all the powers of the Club.


5.2         Directors are elected by the Club Members or co-opted by the directors, in accordance with any procedures set out in the Bylaws.


5.3.        A director’s term of office automatically terminates if they:


5.3.1      cease to be a director by virtue of any provision of the Act or is prohibited from being a director by law;


5.3.2      are absent without permission from 4 consecutive meetings of the directors and are asked by a majority of the other directors to resign;


5.3.3      are incapable, whether mentally or physically, of managing their own affairs;


5.3.4      resign by written notice to the directors (but only if at least two directors will remain in office); or


5.3.5      are removed by the Club Members.


5.3.6      are no longer a member of the Club


6.         CLUB OFFICERS


6.1         The officers of the Club are the Commodore, Vice Commodore, Rear-Commodore, Secretary, and Treasurer, all of whom must be Club Members and must also meet any other conditions and comply with any duties and responsibilities set out in any Bylaws.


6.2         Officers shall be elected by the Club Members at the AGM each year. All Officers shall hold office from the conclusion of the AGM in which they are appointed until the conclusion of the AGM the following calendar year. All Officers shall be eligible to stand for re-election.




7.1         The directors must hold at least 4 meetings each year.


7.2         The quorum for directors’ meetings may be fixed from time to time by a decision of the directors, but it must never be less than two, and, unless otherwise fixed, it is two.


7.3         A meeting of the directors may be held either in person or by suitable electronic means agreed by the directors in which all participants may communicate with all the other participants.


7.4         The Commodore or (if the Commodore is unable or unwilling to do so) some other director chosen by the directors present presides at each meeting.


7.5         Directors are to declare any conflicts of interest in relation to agenda items at the start of each meeting.


7.6         Any issue may be determined by a simple majority of the votes cast at a meeting, but a resolution in writing agreed by all the directors (other than any conflicted director who has not been authorised to vote) is as valid as a resolution passed at a meeting. For this purpose the resolution may be contained in more than one document.


7.7         Every director has one vote on each issue and, in case of equality of votes, the chairman of the meeting may have a casting vote.


7.8         A procedural defect of which the directors are unaware at the time does not invalidate decisions taken at a meeting.




8.1         The directors may exercise any powers of the Club which are not reserved to the Club Members.


8.2         The directors may delegate any of their functions to committees consisting of two or more individuals appointed by them on such terms as they think fit. At least one member of every committee must be a director and all proceedings of committees must be reported promptly to the directors. Committee meetings will only be quorate if a director is present.


8.3         Committees to which the directors delegate any of their powers must follow procedures which are based as far as they are applicable on those provisions of the Articles which govern the taking of decisions by directors.




9.1         Directors may undertake any services for the Club that the directors decide, however, directors are not entitled to any remuneration for their work as a director.


9.2         The Club may pay any reasonable expenses which the directors properly incur in connection with the discharge of their responsibilities in relation to the Club providing this is agreed by a meeting of the directors.




10.1       The directors may, in accordance with the requirements set out in Article 10.2, authorise any situation in which a director has or can have, a direct or indirect interest that conflicts or possibly may conflict, with the interests of the Club which would, if not authorised, involve a director breaching his duty under section 175 of the Act to avoid conflicts of interest.


10.2       Any authorisation under Article 10.1 shall be effective only if:


10.2.1    the matter in question shall have been proposed by any director for consideration in the same way that any other matter may be proposed to the directors;


10.2.2    any requirement as to the quorum is met without counting the interested director; and


10.2.3    the matter was agreed to without the interested director voting or would have been agreed to if the interested director’s vote had not been counted.


10.3       A director is not required, by reason of being a director (or because of the fiduciary relationship established by reason of being a director), to account to the Club for any remuneration, profit or other benefit which they derive from or in connection with a relationship involving a conflict of interests which has been authorised by the directors in accordance with these Articles or by the Club Members in general meeting (subject in each case to any terms, limits or conditions attaching to that authorisation) and no contract shall be liable to be avoided on such grounds.


10.4       If a proposed decision of the directors is concerned with an actual or proposed transaction or arrangement with the Club in which a director is interested, that director is not to be counted as participating in the decision-making process for quorum or voting purposes, unless the director’s interest cannot reasonably be regarded as likely to give rise to a conflict of interest.


10.5       Where the number of non-conflicted directors is less than the quorum for the purposes of approving a resolution authorising any situation or transaction constituting a conflict as anticipated by the Companies Acts, the quorum shall be all the disinterested directors.


10.6       When all the directors of the Club are conflicted, the Club shall pass the conflict to the Club Members for approval by ordinary resolution.






11.1.      Membership is open to any individual interested in sailing. Membership is not transferable.


11.2.      No person shall become a Member unless:


11.2.1    that person has completed an application for Membership in a form approved by the directors from time to time; and


11.2.2    the directors have approved the application.


11.3       Membership is also subject to any subscriptions or affiliation fees that may be set by the directors from time to time.


11.4       Every person who, at the date of incorporation of the Club, had paid a subscription fee to, and was a member of, the unincorporated club known as Sundowners Yacht Club referred to in Article 3.1.1, and who, on or before 01 July 2018, or during such extended period as the directors may determine, signs and delivers to the Club the form of Membership prescribed by the directors, shall be a Member of the Club from incorporation.]


11.5       The directors may establish different classes of Membership, and decide who will be eligible for admission to them and what their rights and obligations will be.




12.1       A Member may withdraw from Membership by giving 7 days’ notice to the Club in writing.


12.2       Should a person withdraw from Membership no refund of unused fees or subscriptions shall be payable.


12.3       A person’s Membership terminates when that person dies or ceases to exist.


12.4       A person’s Membership terminates 12 months after the date of approval, unless the directors re-approve the application for Membership in 11.2.1 prior to the termination date.  A person’s Membership then similarly terminates 12 months after the re-approval date unless the directors re-approve the application for Membership prior to the termination date, and so on for each subsequent re-approval.


12.5       The directors may terminate the Membership of any Member without their consent by giving them written notice if, in the reasonable opinion of the directors:


12.5.1    they are guilty of conduct which has or is likely to have a serious adverse effect on the Club or bring the Club or any or all of the Members and directors into disrepute;


12.5.2    they have acted or have  threatened to act in a manner which is contrary to the interests of the Club as a whole, including imposing an excessive burden of cost or work upon the Club and its Officers; or


12.5.3    they have failed to observe the terms of these Articles and any Bylaws from time to time.


12.6       If the directors wish to terminate a person’s Membership in accordance with Article 12.5, they must give notice to that Member and provide the Member with the opportunity to be heard in writing or in person as to why their Membership should not be terminated. The directors must consider any representations made by the Member and inform the Member of their decision, which shall be final, following such consideration.


12.7       A Member whose Membership is terminated under Article 12.5 shall not be entitled to a refund of any subscription or membership fee and shall remain liable to pay to the Club any subscription or other sum owed by them.




13.1       Club Members are entitled to attend general meetings in person or by proxy (but only if the appointment of a proxy is in writing and notified to the directors e before the commencement of the meeting).


13.2       The Club must hold a general meeting as an AGM in each year in addition to any other general meetings in that year, and must specify the meeting as the AGM in the notices calling it. The first AGM must be held within 18 months following the Club’s incorporation.


13.3       At the AGM Members must:


13.3.1    receive the accounts of the Club for the previous financial year;


13.3.2    receive a written report on the Club’s activities;


13.3.3    elect directors  to fill the vacancies arising


13.4       Members may also, from time to time:


13.4.1    discuss and determine any business put before them by the directors or set out in a valid request by the Club Members to call a general meeting pursuant to Article 13.5; and


13.4.2    in particular, consider and determine whether to approve any Bylaws put before them by the directors, which are consistent with the these Articles and the Act, to govern:

a)     classes and conditions of Membership;

b)     the procedures for dealing with disciplinary action against Members, and/or for the expulsion of Members, and/or for refusals to renew Membership;

c)     the procedures for general meetings and meetings of the directors and committees of the directors in so far as such procedure is not regulated by the Articles; and

d)     matters relating to the use of the Club’s premises.


13.5       A general meeting may be called by the directors at any time and must be called within 21 days of a written request from at least 10% of the Club Membership or (where no general meeting has been held within the last year) at least 5% of the Club Membership. 


13.6       General meetings are called on at least 14 and not more than 28 clear days’ written notice indicating the business to be discussed and (if any resolutions are to be proposed) setting out the terms of the proposed resolutions.


13.7       There is a quorum at a general meeting if the number of Club Members present in person or by proxy is at least 5.


13.8       The chairman at a general meeting is elected by the Club Members present in person or by proxy in his/her capacity as a Club Member and not as proxy for another Club Member.


13.9       Every Club Member present in person or by proxy has one vote on each issue.


13.10     On a vote on a resolution on a poll taken at a meeting, the votes may include votes cast in advance.


13.11     Except where otherwise provided by these Articles or the Companies Acts, a written resolution (whether an ordinary or a special resolution) is as valid as an equivalent resolution passed at a general meeting. For this purpose the written resolution may be set out in more than one document.


13.12     A technical defect in the appointment of a Club Member of which the Club Members are unaware at the time does not invalidate a decision taken at a general meeting or a written resolution of the Club Members.






14.1       The directors must comply with the requirements of the Companies Acts as to keeping records, the audit or independent examination of accounts and the preparation and transmission to the Registrar of Companies of information required by law including:


14.1.1    annual returns;


14.1.2    annual reports; and


14.1.3    annual statements of account.


14.2       The directors must also keep records of:


14.2.1    all proceedings at meetings of the directors;


14.2.2    all resolutions in writing;


14.2.3    all reports of committees; and


14.2.4    all professional advice obtained.


14.3       Accounting records relating to the Club must be made available for inspection by any director at any time during normal office hours.


14.4       A copy of the Club’s Articles of Association and latest available statement of account must be supplied on request to any director.


15        INDEMNITY


15.1       Subject to Article 15.2, a director or former director of the Club may be indemnified out of the Club’s assets against:


15.1.1    any liability incurred by that director in connection with any negligence, default, breach of duty or breach of trust in relation to the Club;


15.1.2    any liability incurred by that director in connection with the activities of the Club in its capacity as a trustee of an occupational pension scheme (as defined in section 235(6) of the Act); or


15.1.3    any other liability incurred by that director as an officer of the Club.


15.2       This Article 15 does not authorise any indemnity which would be prohibited or rendered void by any provision of the Companies Acts or by any other provision of law.




16.1       Notices and other documents to be served on Members or directors under these Articles or the Companies Acts may be served:


16.1.1    by hand;


16.1.2    by post;


16.1.3    by suitable electronic means; or


16.1.4    through publication in the Club’s newsletter or on the Club’s website.


16.2       The only address at which a Member is entitled to receive notices sent by post is an address                in the U.K. shown in the register of Members.


16.3       Any notice given in accordance with these Articles is to be treated for all purposes as having been received by any of the following:


16.3.1    24 hours after being sent by electronic means, posted on the Club’s website or delivered by hand to the relevant address;


16.3.2    two clear days after being sent by first class post to that address;


16.3.3    three clear days after being sent by second class or overseas post to that address;


16.3.4    immediately on being handed to the recipient personally; or, if earlier,


16.3.5    as soon as the recipient acknowledges actual receipt.


16.4       A technical defect in service of which the directors are unaware at the time does not invalidate decisions taken at a meeting.




17.1       No amendments may be made to this Article 17 or to Articles 3, 18, or 19 without a unanimous resolution of the Club Members.


17.2       No amendments may be made to these Articles that may jeopardise the Club’s status of “exemption from using the word limited in the Club’s name” under section 30 of the Companies Act 1985.


17.3       Subject to Articles 17.1 and 17.2 these Articles may be amended by special resolution of the Club Members.




18.1       The income and property of the Club shall be applied solely in promoting the objects of the Club as set out in Article 3.1.


18.2       No dividends or bonus may be paid or capital otherwise returned to the Members, provided              that nothing in these Articles shall prevent any payment in good faith by the Club of:


18.2.1    reasonable and proper remuneration to any Member, officer or servant of the Club for any services rendered to the Club;


18.2.2    interest on money lent by any Member of the Club or director at a reasonable and proper rate per annum not above the published base lending rate of a clearing bank to be selected by the directors;


18.2.3    reasonable and proper rent for premises demised or let by any Member or director; or


18.2.4    reasonable out-of-pocket expenses properly incurred by any director.




19.1       If the Club is wound up or dissolved and after all its debts and liabilities have been satisfied there remains any property it shall not be paid to or distributed among the Members of the Club, but shall be given or transferred, as the sole discretion of the directors, to:


19.1.1    a charity and/or


19.1.2    some other club with purposes similar to those of the Club and/or

19.1.3    the national governing body for the sport of yachting for use by that organisation for related community sports.